Education in Exercise research snapshot November 2021
Internalised weight stigma as a mediator of the relationship between experienced/perceived weight stigma and biopsychosocial outcomes: a systematic review
Preliminary evidence for internalised weight stigma as an intervening variable in adverse health outcomes. There are potential benefits of interventions addressing internalised weight stigma to improve health outcomes.
Do exercise-associated genes explain phenotypic variance in the three components of fitness? a systematic review & meta-analysis
Genetic variability explains a significant proportion of the adaptation differences across the three components of fitness- cardiovascular fitness, muscular strength, and anaerobic power- in the study’s participants post-training.
Research Progress of Mitochondrial Mechanism in NLRP3 Inflammasome Activation and Exercise Regulation of NLRP3 Inflammasome
Exercise as an intervention to mediate the innate immune response. If mitochondria are the proposed location of an important pattern recognition receptor- NLRP3- this is a potential mechanism for immune regulation.
Nature-based outdoor activities for mental and physical health: Systematic review and meta-analysis
Nature based interventions lasting 20- 90 mins over 8-12 weeks are effective for improving mental health outcomes in adults, including those with pre-existing mental health problems.
Physical Activity and the Health of Wheelchair Users: A Systematic Review in Multiple Sclerosis, Cerebral Palsy, and Spinal Cord Injury
More studies are needed to understand the specific and broad benefits of exercise to populations whom are typically excluded from the research.
Vascular Ageing and Aerobic Exercise
A review of the proposed mechanisms responsible for aerobic exercise resulting in attenuated vascular ageing and improved vascular function.
Linking physical activity to breast cancer via sex hormones part 1: The effect of physical activity on sex steroid hormones
The suppression of circulating sex hormones resulting from regular physical activity plays a causal role in the prevention of breast cancer.
Effect of physical activity and exercise on endometriosis-associated symptoms: a systematic review
The effect of PA and exercise as treatments for endometrioses-associated symptoms could not be determined due to significant limitations of the included studies.